Prevention is a complex and multi-faceted process. Effective prevention strategies
are based on an understanding of the factors that place individuals at risk.
The prevalence data regarding youth with disabilities in the juvenile justice
system suggest that the presence of a disabling condition itself is a risk factor.
Other risk factors for antisocial and delinquent behavior include poverty, educational
failure, family stress (e.g., single parent home, substance or physical abuse,
coercive styles of family interaction), deviant peer networks, and lack of recreational
or vocational opportunities. Furthermore, these risk factors can have a negative
effect on the academic achievement of students, increasing the likelihood of
school failure and problem behavior.
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